American Canine Association

Breeds

Breed Name: American Eskimo Dog


History

First bred as a working dog for farm owners, the American Eskimo Dog is closely related to the Spitz group of Nordic breeds. You’ll notice similarities between the Pomeranian, Keeshound, Samoyed and Italian Spitz that relate to the American Eskimo due to them all being close in relation and from the same type of bloodline. This breed was brought to the USA from Germany, which is when their identification from German Spitz changed to the American Eskimo Dog, due to the dislike of the two countries for each other after the World War I.

Appearance

Both male and female standard size American Eskimo Dogs stand between 16-19 inches in height. Weighing in at an average of 20-35 pounds for both males and females. This breed is known for their bright white, fluffy coat of think hair as well as their trademark tail that is large and curls upwards, laying on their back. This breed has a wedge shaped skull with a muzzle that comes to a point. Their two ears stand up firm on the top of their head, and their eyes are almond shaped and always black or brown. Their large nose is commonly black or brown as well. This breed has a very thick coat and is considered a medium sized dog breed.

Temperament

The American Eskimo Dog is an excellent, fast learner who does very well with children it is raised around. This breed is very energetic, intelligent and loving. When raised properly with positive reinforcement training methods only, along with proper physical and mental exercise needs met on a daily basis, this breed can adapt to most living situations with children and other pets. It is important that your dog understand that there is a human pack leader within your home and to learn rules and boundaries from the get go, to avoid any possible personality issues later on. Overall, this is a very tolerant, hardy breed and would benefit any family.

Grooming

Daily brushing and bathing when needed. This breed does shed. Pay special attention to their hair and skin after being outside. Professional grooming is highly recommended for this breed at least once every 6 months.

Special Notes

A properly fenced in area is highly recommended prior to adding an American Eskimo Dog to your household to ensure proper safety and health for your dog and others. Please fully educate yourself about the American Eskimo Dog prior to adding one to your family to ensure you are able to provide life long physical and financial responsibilities. All dogs originate from wolves (Canis Lupus). Each breed of dog was originally created by mixing different breeds together in an effort to bring forth certain characteristics. Once a breeder has created acceptable “breed characteristics” within their bloodline and these “breed characteristics” have shown to be reliably reproduced in the offspring for three (3) generations, the bloodline may be upgraded from the category of “foundation stock” to “pure-bred”. The same “pure-bred” breed standards vary from different continents, countries, territories, regions, breed clubs, and canine pure-breed registries depending on the goals of their breeders. Dog DNA testing companies can have accurate results for a specific bloodline of a small colony of dogs. However, there are tens of thousands of different bloodlines in the world which have not yet been tested for marker baseline results by Dog DNA testing companies as of 2017. For this reason Dog DNA testing companies do not guarantee the 100% accuracy of their breed lineage results and will also show different marker results for the same pure-bred breed in different continents, countries, territories, regions, breed clubs, and canine pure-breed registries depending on the goals of their breeders.

© 2017 American Canine Association, Inc.