American Canine Association


Canadian Eskimo Dog


An extremely rare breed of dog and on the verge of extinction, the Canadian Eskimo Dog is an Arctic breed of working dog generally used by Inuits for traveling, racing and simply the way of living in the Arctic. Generally, this breed is still used only for this or companions in Arctic regions.


The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a large breed dog with males generally weighing 65-85 pounds in weight and females weighing 45-65 pounds in weight. This breed measures in at an average of 23-28 inches in height for males and 20-24 inches in height for females. Both males and females carry a large, wedge shaped head that is broad in appearance and forms into a rectangular muzzle with a scissor bite. This breed has two, firm, triangular shaped ears that stand straight up at all times. Their general body build is thick and hardy. Their tail is medium in size, and remains curled upwards and resting on their back. This breed has a very thick and weather resistant double layer coat that is medium in length and available in any color and color combination. Some may have "mask" markings, others may not.


This breed is extremely courageous, devoted, determined and loyal. They aim to work and please their owners on a daily basis. The Canadian Eskimo Dog has a higher drive to kill prey than other types of Eskimo Dogs. This breed works his and her hardest no matter what the temperature or circumstances are. They truly view themselves as part of a pack with their human and develop a strong bond.


This breed does shed, daily brushing will help reduce this.

Special Notes

This is a very rare breed dog. Please fully educate yourself about the Canadian Eskimo Dog prior to considering to add one to your family. Do not add a new dog to your family unless you are able to provide life long physical and financial care. All dogs originate from wolves (Canis Lupus). Each breed of dog was originally created by mixing different breeds together in an effort to bring forth certain characteristics. Once a breeder has created acceptable “breed characteristics” within their bloodline and these “breed characteristics” have shown to be reliably reproduced in the offspring for three (3) generations, the bloodline may be upgraded from the category of “foundation stock” to “pure-bred”. The same “pure-bred” breed standards vary from different continents, countries, territories, regions, breed clubs, and canine pure-breed registries depending on the goals of their breeders. Dog DNA testing companies can have accurate results for a specific bloodline of a small colony of dogs. However, there are tens of thousands of different bloodlines in the world which have not yet been tested for marker baseline results by Dog DNA testing companies as of 2017. For this reason Dog DNA testing companies do not guarantee the 100% accuracy of their breed lineage results and will also show different marker results for the same pure-bred breed in different continents, countries, territories, regions, breed clubs, and canine pure-breed registries depending on the goals of their breeders.

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